APHOTOMARINE

An educational resource dedicated mainly to the photography
and diversity of marine life that can be found in coastal waters
and intertidal areas of Great Britain and Ireland by David Fenwick.

A-P-H-O-T-O Wildlife Stock Image Library
Pikea californica Harvey, 1853 - Captain Pike's Golden Gate Weed - non-native species
Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- thallus 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- thallus 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- thalli 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- branches 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- in-situ close-up 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- in-situ close-up 2

Specimens above found on pontoons at Newlyn Marina, Newlyn Harbour, Newlyn, Cornwall, 12.02.15 and 09.02.18.

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- thallus with holdfast 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- frond tips 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- frond tips 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- with 0.1mm division rule 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- frond tips 3

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- frond tip 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- part of frond of old plant 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- part of frond of old plant 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- fruiting body 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- fruiting body 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- juvenile plant in pool 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- juvenile plant in pool 2

Specimens above found on the lowershore on an extreme low water spring, under South Pier, Newlyn Harbour, Newlyn, Cornwall, 25.01.15.

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- mature plant underwater 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- mature plant underwater 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- with epibionts 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- with epibionts 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- with epibionts 3

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat at Godrevy Point 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat at Godrevy Point 2

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat at Godrevy Point 3

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat at Godrevy Point 4

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat at Godrevy Point 5

A large colony was found at Godrevy Point, near Hayle, Cornwall, 18.05.18, also photographed 27.09.18.

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- habitat / location 1

Numerous mature specimens found attached to bedrock in a pool on the lowershore at Skilly, south of Newlyn, Cornwall, 22.03.18. The only other record of this species in mainland Britain outside Newlyn Harbour is at Battery Rocks, Penzance.

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- dried / driftweed 1

Captain Pike's Weed
Pikea californica
- dried / driftweed 2

Specimen above has dried after washing-up on rocks near the river at Newlyn, Cornwall, 27.08.18.

The species has up until now only been recorded from the Isles of Scilly, the records above represent the first records of this species from the UK mainland. The species comes from the Pacific coasts of North America and Japan. The species is thought to have arrived in the Isles of Scilly on the anchors of Flying Boats during WWII, so it has taken 70 years to reach the mainland. Another Isles of Scilly marine species, the Orange peel sea mat, was found in Penzance at roughly the same time. The transport could be linked to unusual weather events, or the fouling of vessels, or fishing equipment.

In "An Atlantic Population of Pikea californica (Dumontiaceae, Rhodophyta)" by Christine A. Maggs and Michael D. Guiry, it is stated that Pikea californica was the cover dominant at some wave-exposed sites and also grew on Laminaria hyperborea, and was found on pebbles at -7m below Chart Datum on the Isles of Scilly.

One of the new mainland sites at Newlyn, Cornwall, was visited on the 28.01.17 and as well as growing on bedrock within 1-2m of the north side of South Pier wall at Newlyn, Pikea californica was also growing as an epiphyte on Cystoseira baccata approx. 10m away from the harbour wall. How important Cystoseira baccata might be for Pikea californica at that location is unknown because the tide didn't go down far enough to assess, but bedrock, Laminaria hyperborea and Cystoseira baccata should now be considered when looking for or montoring the future spread of Pikea californica.

Fauna supported by Pikea californica at Newlyn, Cornwall by David Fenwick 24.02.15.

Sample size, four mature Pikea californica plants. Plants collected for their size, but randomly sourced from outside the north pier at Newlyn Harbour.

Outcome. About 30 species were found to be supported by Pikea californica in some way, a more detailed study will no doubt find the species supports more species, especially later in the year when the water warms.

Pikea californica has also be found to support stauromedusae, on the Isles of Scilly [Ref. A. Gall (NE)].

Species associated with Pikea californica at the base of North Pier Newlyn, Cornwall.

Acervulina inhaerens
Massilina secans
Leucosolenia
species
Sycon ciliatum
Synoicum incrustatum
Clytia hemisphaerica
Coryne muscoides
Oerstedia dorsalis
Oerstedia
sp. ?
Amphiglena mediterranea
Nereididae
(juvenile)
Pedicellina cernua
Pedicellina nutans
Stenothoe monoculoides
Podocerus variegatus
Dynamene bidentata
Idotea
sp. (juvenile)
Stenosoma lancifer
Achelia
species
Endeis spinosa
Patella pellucida
Littorina species
(juvenile L. fabalis / obtusata)
Rissoa parva
Facelina auriculata
Celleporella hyalina
Electra pilosa
Scruparia chelata
Tubulipora
species
Walkeria uva
?
Trididemnum cereum
Aplidium pallidum

At Godrevy Point near Hayle, Cornwall, the following species were found associated with Pikea californica, Fenwick 18.05.18.

Crisilla semistriata - Abundant
Tricolia pullus - Abundant
Trivia arctica
Rissoa parva - Abundant
Patella pellucida - Juveniles Abundant
Skeneopsis planorbis
Musculus subpictus
Polycera quadrilineata x34
Aegires punctilucens x1
Astacilla danmoniensis
Idotea granulosa
Idotea
sp. - Juveniles Abundant
Munna kroyeri
Podocerus variegatus
Caprella acanthifera
Caprella penantis
Stenothoe monoculoides
Axionice maculata
Proceraea aurantiaca
Proceraea picta
Eusyllis blomstrandi
Fabricia
sp. - Abundant
Eumida sanguinea
Eumida
sp.
Platynereis dumerilii
Exogone naidina
Syllis armillaris
Nicolea venustula
Oerstedia dorsalis
- Abundant
Tetrastemma coronatum
Tetrastemma herouardi
Tetrastemma vermiculus
Astrotorhynchus bifidus
Convoluta convoluta
Plagiostomum vittatum
Vorticeros auriculatum
Pedicellina cernua
Craterolophus convolvulus
Electra pilosa
Crisia denticulata
Crisia aculeata
Clytia hemisphaerica
Grantia compressa
Lobatula lobatula
Rosalina globularis
Botryllus schlosseri
Synoicum incrustatum

See Mike Guiry's Seaweed Site page on Pikea californica for further information about the species.

APHOTOMARINE supports open source data recording and sharing for the benefit of wildlife, recorders, research, science and education. The project recommends the following websites and works with the following bodies and organisations.

Marine Biological Association MBA

The Marine Biological Association or MBA, based in Plymouth, is one of the world’s longest-running societies dedicated to promoting research into our oceans and the life they support. Since 1884 the MBA has been providing a unified, clear, independent voice on behalf of the marine biological community.It has a growing membership in over 40 countries.

NBN National Biodiversity Network

The National Biodiversity Network or NBN is a charity that supports open source data sharing and recording supporting conservation, science and education. "Why do recorders need open source?". Simply because it supports the core values of wildlife recording and the free use of records and data over a very wide network that includes partners like the Natural History Museum.

The taxonomy used here is based on that of the following database, which is also used by the MBA, NHM and the NBN.

World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS

The World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS.

AlgaeBase

AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms.

Pikea californica Captain Pike's Golden Gate Weed non native algae uk Red Seaweed Images
The main objective of this website is in furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography. To increase awareness and access to the wildlife of the region and help
people find and identify it. Sometimes the difference between species is obvious but many species can only be determined by observing microscopic characteristics that are specific to any one species.