APHOTOMARINE

An educational resource dedicated mainly to the photography
and diversity of marine life that can be found in coastal waters
and intertidal areas of Great Britain and Ireland by David Fenwick.

A-P-H-O-T-O Wildlife Stock Image Library
Porphyra umbilicalis Kützing, 1843 - Tough Laver (Red seaweed images)
Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- on uppershore rock armour 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- on uppershore rock armour 2

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- dorsal view thallus 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- ventral view and holdfast 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- zone of female sori? 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- female sori and trichogynes? 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- sori / 0.01mm division rule 1

Tough Laver
Porphyra umbilicalis
- female sori? 1

Specimen above found on uppershore rock armour with Porphyra linearis at Chyandour Rocks, Penzance, Cornwall. 27.01.15.

I am very grateful to Professor Juliet Brodie for identifying the specimen above and the additional advice she gave regarding the genus Porphyra. Question marks are placed beside some of the image labels, this is because the details were interpreted from images.

Scientific and European Names:
Porphyra umbilicalis, Tough Laver, Purple Laver, Nori, Laver, Navelwier, Purperwier, Porphyre.

APHOTOMARINE supports open source data recording and sharing for the benefit of wildlife, recorders, research, science and education. The project recommends the following websites and works with the following bodies and organisations.

Marine Biological Association MBA

The Marine Biological Association or MBA, based in Plymouth, is one of the world’s longest-running societies dedicated to promoting research into our oceans and the life they support. Since 1884 the MBA has been providing a unified, clear, independent voice on behalf of the marine biological community.It has a growing membership in over 40 countries.

NBN National Biodiversity Network

The National Biodiversity Network or NBN is a charity that supports open source data sharing and recording supporting conservation, science and education. "Why do recorders need open source?". Simply because it supports the core values of wildlife recording and the free use of records and data over a very wide network that includes partners like the Natural History Museum.

The taxonomy used here is based on that of the following database, which is also used by the MBA, NHM and the NBN.

World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS

The World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS.

AlgaeBase

AlgaeBase is a database of information on algae that includes terrestrial, marine and freshwater organisms.

Porphyra umbilicalis Tough Laver Red Seaweed Images
The main objective of this website is in furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography. To increase awareness and access to the wildlife of the region and help
people find and identify it. Sometimes the difference between species is obvious but many species can only be determined by observing microscopic characteristics that are specific to any one species.