APHOTOMARINE

An educational resource dedicated mainly to the photography
and diversity of marine life that can be found in coastal waters
and intertidal areas of Great Britain and Ireland by David Fenwick.

A-P-H-O-T-O Wildlife Stock Image Library
Haliclystus octoradiatus (Lamarck, 1816) - Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Please send all UK records, and especially Cornish records of this species, with images if possible, to David Fenwick (national verifier and conservation advisor). Records sent with images will be identified / verified where possible.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- orange / on Eelgrass 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- orange / on Eelgrass 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- orange / on Eelgrass 3

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- orange / on Eelgrass 4

Images above taken on Zostera marina, at Long Rock, near Penzance, Cornwall. 07.05.12.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- at Cape Cornwall 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- at Cape Cornwall 2

Images above taken near Cape Cornwall, West Cornwall. 21.08.13.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- at Lamorna Cove 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- at Lamorna Cove 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- at Lamorna Cove 3

Images above of species found on Ceramium sp., in front of the pier at Lamorna Cove, Lamorna, Cornwall. 08.10.13. Images are of a specimen with very few white nematocysts.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on Corallina / middleshore 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on Corallina / middleshore 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on Corallina / middleshore 3

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- habitat 1

Images above taken of species on Coral Weed (Corallina officinalis), in a shallow middleshore rockpool next to Albert Pier, Penzance, Cornwall, 14.11.11.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass / lowershore 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass / lowershore 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass / lowershore 3

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass / lowershore 4

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass / lowershore 5

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on Cladostephus 1

Images above taken on tide covered lowershore, on Cladostephus spongiosus and on Zostera marina. 0.9m low tide (Newlyn); at Long Rock, near Penzance, Cornwall. 30.10.11. SW4980830930 and SW4979330927.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 3

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 4

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 5

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- on eelgrass lowershore pool 6

Images above taken in a lowershore pool fringed with eelgrass on an extremely low tide at Long Rock, near Penzance, Cornwall. 17.04.11. SW4983330910. The images above are of the same animal.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- green morph 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- green morph 2

Images above taken of an unusually coloured specimen found at Battery Rocks, Penzance, Cornwall. 14.10.12.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in pool Trevaunance Cove 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in pool Trevaunance Cove 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in pool Trevaunance Cove 3

Images above taken in a lowershore pool during a Porcupine Marine Natural History event at Trevaunance Cove, St. Agnes, Cornwall. 16.09.12.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in pool Nanven 1

Image above taken in a middleshore pool at Nanven, Cot Valley, near St. Just, Penwith, Cornwall. 15.09.12.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- extra anchors 1

Image above taken of species on Chrondus crispus at Battery Rocks, Penzance, Cornwall, 14.11.12. This particular specimen is unusual in that it appears to have extra anchors around its body.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- from Hannafore Point 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- from Hannafore Point 2

Species found on eelgrass, Zostera marina, and Ceramium species at Hannafore Point, West Looe, Cornwall, during the Marine Biological Association Bioblitz 2013. 24.06.13.

The species differes from H. auricula in that it has white nematocyst clusters in both perradii and interradii; large globular, knob shaped anchors; 10–70 gonadal sacs in each gonad; with 30–120 secondary tentacles in each tentacle cluster. Ref: Haliclystus californiensis, a “new” species of stauromedusa (Cnidaria: Staurozoa) from the northeast Pacific, with a key to the species of Haliclystus by AMANDA S. KAHN, GEORGE I. MATSUMOTO, YAYOI M. HIRANO & ALLEN G. COLLINS.

The following stalked jellyfish found in 2009 is also Haliclystus octoradiatus.

Spotted Kaleidoscope Jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in rockpool on seaweed 1

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in rockpool on seaweed 2

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- in rockpool / close-up 1

Images taken in a small lowershore rockpool near the rock at Crinnis Beach, Carlyon Bay, St. Austell, Cornwall. 29.05.09.

Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish
Haliclystus octoradiatus
- feeding on Eurydice pulchra 1

A number of juvenile specimens of the isopod Eurydice pulchra, the John Harvey Bug were found devoured by stalked jellyfish Haliclystus octoradiatus in the harbour at Sennen Cove, Cornwall, 25.05.17.

Haliclystus octoradiatus is under recorded and records of it will be included with Haliclystus auricula from which the species has been separated. Haliclystus auricula, the Kaleidoscope Jellyfish, lacks white nematocyst clusters. Ref: A review of a supposedly circurnboreal species of stauromedusa, Haliclystus auricula (Rathke, 1806) by Y.M. Hirano. 1996.

Records of this species and of all stalked jellyfish species should be reported to Marlin.

See Stauromedusae UK for more information.

APHOTOMARINE supports open source data recording and sharing for the benefit of wildlife, recorders, research, science and education. The project recommends the following websites and works with the following bodies and organisations.

Marine Biological Association MBA

The Marine Biological Association or MBA, based in Plymouth, is one of the world’s longest-running societies dedicated to promoting research into our oceans and the life they support. Since 1884 the MBA has been providing a unified, clear, independent voice on behalf of the marine biological community.It has a growing membership in over 40 countries.

CISFBR or Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Federation of Biological Recorders

The CISFBR or Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Federation of Biological Recorders is an independent umbrella organisation supporting independent recorders and recording groups in the county of Cornwall.

Cornish Biodiversity Network

The Cornish Biodiversity Network
or CBN is the largest open source wildlife database in Cornwall that sends open source data to the NBN (National Biodiversity Network). It is a new recording system based on the ERICA database, the largest recording resource in Cornwall. The CBN best supports the activities and needs of the independent recording community and recording groups in Cornwall.

NBN National Biodiversity Network

The National Biodiversity Network or NBN is a charity that supports open source data sharing and recording supporting conservation, science and education. "Why do recorders need open source?". Simply because it supports the core values of wildlife recording and the free use of records and data over a very wide network that includes partners like the Natural History Museum. The link here is to the NBN Atlas.The link here is to the NBN Atlas.

The taxonomy used here is based on that of the following database, which is also used by the MBA, NHM and the NBN.

World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS

The World Register of Marine Species or WoRMS.

Over 99% of the species records on APHOTOMARINE are open source but they are also copyright David Fenwick. Species records published on APHOTOMARINE may not be used on any database, list or distribution map, without a signed user agreement. Cornish records that appear on APHOTOMARINE are recorded using the ERICA database to benefit recording in Cornwall and scientific and historical recording in general. No financial benefit must be taken from any record produced by David Fenwick, records are of educational benefit only. Records by David Fenwick must ''never'' be financially traded.

Haliclystus octoradiatus Spotted kaleidoscope jellyfish Staurozoa Images
The main objective of this website is in furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography. To increase awareness and access to the wildlife of the region and help
people find and identify it. Sometimes the difference between species is obvious but many species can only be determined by observing microscopic characteristics that are specific to any one species.